Cataract Stages

The eye structure includes multiple transparent mediums, and lens is one of them. At birth, the lens contains 90% water, being perfectly transparent. As the man ages, the crystalline opacificates, meaning that loses its transparency. “Any loss of lens transparency is called cataract”.

Senile cataract

Senile cataract, which is the prerogative of the third age, has a slow evolution, crossing through a long cataract stage until the patient needs surgery. During this time, the vision can be corrected by glasses with lenses prescribed by the doctor. Eyewash (drops) also have effect against cataract. These solutions with vitamins and enzymes may slow the pace evolution of cataract, but does not cure the disease. By the time of the surgery is suitable for the cataract evolution to be followed by the same physician as you can read from Causes of refractive eye surgery article.

Most people over 60 are beginning to have blurred vision at distance, especially in bright light, blurred to read, light sensitivity, and better vision at the eye which was not affected by cataract. They can also distinguish colors more deleted or slightly different shade. If you experience these symptoms, do not hesitate to go to an ophthalmologist.

Cataract is operated if the doctor finds that the vision is reduced to 15% -20%. Do not expect to completely lose your sight. The surgery will go harder when the cataract is very advanced. Because of the technology that has extremely evolved, cataract surgery can be done in ambulatory, the patient being able to return to work after a few days, with great care in everything he will do.

Congenital cataract

At children clouding can occur isolated, but we can speak about a real cataract only when this clouding affects the visual acuity. Cataract may be installed since birth (congenital cataract), and it can be diagnosed according to morphological appearance of the lens. Congenital cataract is a major cause of blindness at children, fortunately, statistically, less than 1% of newborns have congenital cataracts. Congenital cataract can be an isolated disease or may be associated with certain abnormal metabolism and malformation syndromes. Congenital cataract may be associated with abnormal metabolism of phosphorus-calcium and abnormal lipid metabolism, carbohydrate.

Classification of congenital cataract

Congenital cataract can be classified into the following clinical categories:

  • Total cataract.
  • Unilateral cataract and bilateral cataract.
  • Stationary or evolutionary cataract.
  • Lamellar or nuclear cataract.
  • Previous capsular cataract or posterior capsular cataract.
  • Previous polar cataract or posterior polar cataract.

Cataract lenses

Artificial crystalline lens in the eyes remains for the rest of your life and allows a normal peripheral vision and a good depth of the vision field. Therefore, the choice of lens is an important stage for a successful cataract surgery.

Family dentist for children

All too often, the thought of taking your kids to the dentist results in trepidation and dread. Images of cavities, tears, and admonitions to floss regularly don’t exactly cause excitement or joy. Fortunately, this doesn’t have to be the case, and going to the dentist can actually be a happy and positive experience. It all starts with teaching your kids to take care of their teeth. The help of an experienced dentist can transform your visit from something negative into something overwhelmingly positive. Good oral health habits, professionals experienced in family dentistry, and a few proven tips and tricks will help your kids to grow up with healthy and beautiful teeth.

Preparing to Visit the Dentist

One of the biggest reasons kids don’t always have a positive experience with the dentist is simply because it is unknown to them. A new place, a different kind of experience, and unfamiliar people don’t have to be scary for children as long as they are prepared. Familiar toys or books, calming words, and explanations of what is coming up can go a long way. When your child is calm and prepared, experiences are generally smoother as you can see from these tips for kids dentists as well.

Healthy Habits

First and foremost, good, healthy habits start at home. Because your dentist only sees your child twice a year, they can only do so much. As the parent, you are in the best position to teach your children about good oral hygiene, healthy habits that will serve them throughout their lives, the importance of consistency, and how to care for their mouth and teeth.

The easiest place to start is with regular brushing. Even small children can start with child-sized toothbrushes, developing the motor skills to keep their teeth nice and clean. At first, they will probably need quite a bit of help, but skill and autonomy will come with time. Start with smaller chunks of time, progressively building up until your children are able to brush for the recommended two to three minutes.

As your children get older and more capable, you can move on to habits like flossing and avoiding sugary foods. You can also teach them to rinse their mouths with water after eating in situations where brushing is not an option. Teach them about the importance of caring for their mouth, teeth, and gums. Eating healthy foods, talking, breathing, and other essential actions are all done with their mouths, and knowing about the correlations between good dental health and good overall health is beneficial.

What are anxiety and depression

Anxiety and depression are closely related to each other because one gives birth to the other. Anxiety is the feeling of intense worry over something or someone. When you experience anxiety you feel nervous, scared, timid and really shy in certain situations. When you are depressed you are feeling bad about yourself and wishing you could be anywhere besides where you are, or be anyone besides who you are. To a degree it borders on narcissism, because if you ever look closely you will realize that other people suffer from similar feelings as well. The things you are worried about they probably are worried about as well, they just respond to them differently which is really the only difference.

How anxiety leads to depression:

Anxiety is going to make you respond two ways depending on what kind of person you are. One; it can make you want to run away and hide with your tail tucked between your legs or bury your head in the sand. Two; it can make you want to try all the more harder to fight it and overcome the feelings. See what you have to know is that you are the driver of your own anxiety and not the other way around. When you let anxiety control you then you give away the power. You begin to let certain situations control your life and you hate yourself for it.

When you let anxiety control your life you experience feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and inferiority. You dislike yourself for being so scared and worried, and this is what leads to depression. Once you are in a depressive state you just want to lock yourself away from the world and be where no one can see you squirm. You are alone with your own thoughts and most likely you will talk negatively about yourself to make yourself feel even worse. This will only further your depression. There are highly skillful therapist in Singapore, such as the In Focus center, they can help you get over your anxiety.

When you are in anxiety depression the last thing you want to do is go out into the world and face anyone. You just want to be alone, so if you are forced to go out; let’s say to work or school; you will feel even more miserable because now you will experience more anxiety at the thought of having to go out into the world. You see how one gives birth to the other? I have said that the best way to get over these is to know that you are always in control of them. When you are driving you drive the car, the car doesn’t drive you, it has to be the same way when it comes to your emotions.

Herbs that increase breast milk production

There are several herbs that are known to increase milk production. It is a good idea to check with your health care practitioner, herbalist first if you are scared of the safety of herbs to increase your milk production.

Below a list of herbs which are normally found in breast milk increasing teas (sorted by the most popular herbs first):

Fenugreek is an excellent herb to help increase milk supply. You normally get it in tea and capsule form. It smells like maple syrup. It claims to cause uterine contractions that can cause a milk letdown.(Therefore not to be used in pregnant women).

Other than causing your milk to have a maple syrup scent may include increased asthma symptoms(for those who have asthma). Some also claim it might be contraindicated for those with a peanut allergy—check with your doctor. Fenugreek might increase your milk within 24 to 72 hours but can even take up to a week.

Milk Thistle(blessed thistle) might increase breast milk supply because of its estrogenic properties. The normally get the herb in tea, capsule and tincture form. It is contraindicated for people who are allergic to any of the daisy family plants. One should also be careful of taking it with other medications—check with your doctor, herbalist of naturopath first.

Alfafa comes in liquid, tea and capsule form and is known to increase breast milk supply. Alfafa should not be taken by women with lupes.

Fennel comes in capsule form and has a strong licorice flavour. Probably not the most known milk increasing herb but must not be left out in the list of breast milk increasing herbs.

Rasberry leaf comes in tea format and may not be used during pregnancy. Also not that known for its milk increasing properties, but should not be left from the list. It is much known for helping to tone the uterus after child birth.

Brewer’s yeast comes in capsule and powder format. Not that known for its milk increasing properties, but can definitely be on the list of breast increasing herbs. It is basically the protein, iron and b-vitamins in brewer yeast that are said to do the job. These properties will also increase your energy levels. Should not be taken by women who suffer from yeast infections.

All or some of the above herbs can be found in breast milk increasing supplements like Legendairy Milk supplements. These supplements have been especially formulated for pregnant, breastfeeding mothers.

Dental Clinics: What Dental Instruments Are Used

Anyone who has visited any dental clinics in Singapore noticed the various instruments that are available. These instruments are simply the tools that the dentists will use to diagnose and provide the appropriate treatment for various dental conditions. The instruments are not just restricted to the teeth, but also to the examination of surrounding structures such as the gums and the jaw bones.

Below are some of the basic instruments that you are likely to come across in many dental clinics across Singapore, such as the dePacific dental clinic. The instruments are classified into various categories, among them examination instruments, orthodontic instruments, surgical instruments as well as anesthetic instruments.

Examination instruments

Just as the name suggests, these are instruments which the dentist will use to examine and make observations as to what the source of the problem could be. A mirror is the most basic of these instruments, and is impossible to miss in many of the dental clinics. The mirror gives a clear picture of the mouth particularly in regions that are not easily accessible. Probes also belong to this class of instrument, as do retractors. The latter are of different types, including the cheek, lip and tongue retractor, all with the aim of making diagnosis easy.

Orthodontic instruments

These are also quite common in many of the dental clinics that have specialized in orthodontics, which is basically treatment of conditions that affect the teeth as well as the jaw bones. They include ligature as well as distal end cutters.

Surgical instruments

Perhaps these are the most common instruments in dental clinics owing to the increasing number of cases that require surgical intervention. These include dental forceps of different types, elevators and chisels. Of special mention are the curettes. These are of two types: the universal curettes and gracey curettes. The former have a distinct tip which takes a semicircular tip that is used at the surface of the root of the tooth. The gracey curettes are also semicircular at the tip, but are designed in a different angle, 20 degrees less than that of the universal curette.

Restorative instruments

These are instruments which are used to enhance the normal functioning of the teeth following trauma to the mouth region. It is important for a dentist to ensure that their dental clinics are well equipped so that they are able to meet the needs of their clients. While this may be costly at the onset, it is definitely worthwhile in the long run.

Want To Pamper Your Feet After All That Walking

The truth is, few cities in Southeast Asia are made for fascinating walking just like Singapore. You’ll probably be wanting the tender loving care that a beauty salon in Singapore can give your feet after full days of exploring the cultures of China, India and Muslim Malaysia all in one day, against a setting of first world ultramodernity. With the fascinatingly diverse mix of cultures and influences that make the streets an absorbing cultural delight, you’ll probably want a manicure-pedicure treatment and the famed foot spa and massages at a beauty salon in Singapore!

It’s Better To Go Clothes Shopping Looking Good

Have we mentioned it’s a stylish, fashionable city? It definitely is – and what’s more many of those great-looking, fashions that will cost you an arm and a leg in the West can be had for less in Singapore. You’ll want to look the part of the designer shopper, of course, and a beauty salon in Singapore can help you with that. With a great haircut and the works at a beauty salon in Singapore, you’ll definitely be inspired to try on those latest mods at the boutiques that have made Singapore a byword in Asia for extravagant shopping. And even if clothes shopping aren’t your thing, you’ll definitely still want to look sharp, since you’ll never know whom you’ll bump into!

A Day At The Beauty Salon In Singapore Makes You Perfect For A Night Out

The bustling nightlife of Singapore where you get to go clubbing with the beautiful people is definitely one great reason to want to spend a day at a beauty salon in Singapore! You’ll want to make sure you look sharp enough for a night on the town, who knows just where you’ll end up afterwards!

Singapore is definitely filled with beauty. And with just a visit to Limmy’s Beauty Salon – a great beauty salon in Singapore, that includes you!

Congenital Heart Disease

When there is a series of faults in the heart’s structure that most often obstruct the blood flow in an abnormal manner, it is definitely a cause of Congenital Heart Disease or a congenital heart defect.

Cause and Effect

This birth defect has been the cause of many deaths in the past. Many babies in Singapore who are born with the defect may require surgery almost immediately after birth and many others may require it over time, ideally during childhood. Children who have Down’s syndrome are pretty susceptible to the illness that can later manifest into Rubella; but most often the cause is hardly ever known or discovered. In many cases, the diagnosis is pronounced at birth but there are times when the defects are rather difficult to detect and are identified later on in life or even during adulthood.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the illness at birth may include low blood pressure with the color of the baby being rather blue. In addition to this there is a difficulty in breathing patterns, limited weight gain, dilated pupils and feeding problems. Sometimes the heart murmur can be normal which can make it difficult to pinpoint the problem, but after a series of tests like an electrocardiogram (ECG), x-ray of the chest, or an echocardiogram along with blood tests, the doctor can find a solution. There are times when the initial tests are inconclusive and this may call for more tests like an MRI or a CT scan, angiography, or others.

Even if a person has had a heart defect for years, congenital heart disease may not show up until later on in life, or it can even recur after being on treatment for a while. The general symptoms as an adult can include a sense of unease, acute dizziness (not vertigo but similar), fainting or loss of balance, shortness of breath and palpitations, arrhythmia, edema of the body tissue or even the organs, a bluish tinge to the skin, extreme fatigue and a feeling of tiredness after the minutest job, just to name a few. One would need to meet with a specialist if any of the symptoms persist and even more so if they are accompanied by acute pain in the chest or extreme shortness of breath.

Treatment and Care

To treat the illness one would need to visit a cardiologist to get down to basics and Dr Gerard is one of the best in Singapore. If need be it may be imperative to opt for surgery to fix the heart defect. The specialist may recommend open heart surgery or even a heart transplant if required. The procedures take a long time and the recovery time is also rather long, so anyone desirous of getting back in time for work or school will have to refrain from doing so, as this is a very serious operation. The point that one has to note is that when the symptoms are noticeable or when a person is under the weather practically all the time, it is a good idea to meet with a doctor to get to the underlying problem and find a cure or solution.

What is Asthma and How Can Yoga Help?

Asthma is a chronic, long-term, lung disease which affects, inflames, and narrows the airways. It is characterized by recurring periods of wheezing, dyspnea, cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

Asthma affects people from all walks of life and affects all ages but often starts in childhood. Although asthma is incurable, symptoms are manageable. People with asthma, if able to take good care of themselves, are able to live normal, active lives.

Does Yoga Really Help in Improving Asthma Conditions?

A recent study conducted at New York University School of Medicine/Bellevue Medical Center found that people with asthma who practiced Hatha yoga regularly (3x a week) for 10 weeks reported great improvements in asthma symptoms and in their quality of life while some even reported to have reduced their controller medications.

Research suggests that yoga could bring about the following:

  • Increase lung capacity
  • Improve muscle relaxation
  • Counteract stress
  • Improve overall physical fitness
  • Trains asthmatics to be more aware of their breath, recognizing symptoms earlier

If you are asthmatic and would want to try out yoga, it is advisable for you to consult your doctor before going into a yoga routine. Then get a good instructor to create the right routine for you. Bronchodilators should always be at arm’s reach when you decide to practice yoga so keep your inhalers nearby.

Ways To Avoid Covid 19

Covid 19 is an infectious disease and cannot be easily avoided if you are exposed to public areas. This is particularly very common in schools and offices. Covid 19 results in restricting activity and prevents people from performing even the basic daily tasks. This is why many people look for ways and means to prevent the covid 19. These measures include maintaining a healthy diet, exercising. If you have any symptoms you should take a covid 19 test.

You can protect yourself from getting covid 19 by following certain healthy practices. Some of these are listed below.

Eat healthy – A proper and balanced diet helps to boost the immune system. Eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables provide you with the right amount of vitamins and nourishment to resist covid 19 or fight it off once afflicted. Those people with healthy eating habits are less likely to be affected with viral infections, such as covid 19. Avoid smoking as this weakens the immune system.

Get adequate exercise – This is yet another way of enhancing the immune system in the body. It has been recommended by many doctors and health professionals to work out on a regular basis in order to have a healthier living and improved power of the immune system to resist many types of diseases including the covid 19.

Maintain hygiene – Keeping the body, especially the hands, clean are very important in preventing viral infections. Every time you shake someone’s hand, wash yours. Wash your hands regularly in order to dilute the germs picked up from the environment and to send then down the drain. You may also bring with you a sanitizing gel which you can use when necessary.

Gelling Agent

Properties Gellan Gum

Gellan Gum is the white powder without special flavor and odor and can disintegrate without melting in 150℃. Gellan gum can be dissolved in the cold water, the conditions for the formation of gelling are:

  1. Need to heat up first.
  2. The existence of a certain amount of cations. In this way, the gellan gum solution can form gel after It is cooled down. The gel strength, gel forming temperature and the melting temperature is bound up with the concentration and category of the cations.

Characteristic And Efficacy Of Gellan Gum

  • Form high qualified gel under low concentration of 0.05~0.25%. Gellan gum is an efficient gelling agent.
  • High stability at high temperature and low pH value.
  • Heating and sterilization has little effect on gel strength, acid gel has comparatively long shelf life.
  • Gel formed by Na+ and K+ can renew after heating, while gel formed by Mg2+ and Ca2+ can not.
  • Can produce reversible and irreversible gel.
  • Retains excellent flavor releasing ability.
  • Improve product quality.
  • Can be used together with other gums like starch, mixture of xanthan gum/locust bean gum.
  • Structure of gums formed by gellan gum can be transformed from brittle to elastic.